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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 8-K
Current Report

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): March 24, 2021


ERII-20210324_G1.JPG
ENERGY RECOVERY, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware 001-34112 01-0616867
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation) (Commission File Number) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1717 Doolittle Drive, San Leandro, California 94577
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(510) 483-7370
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

☐    Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
☐    Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
☐    Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
☐    Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value ERII The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Emerging growth company ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐


Item 7.01    Regulation FD Disclosure.

The Company is furnishing with this report an investor presentation that will be used by the Company during meetings with investors and analysts. The presentation is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1, which is incorporated herein by reference and will also be posted on our website at http://www.energyrecovery.com.

The Company is not undertaking to update this presentation. This report is not intended as a statement concerning the materiality of any information contained in the presentation.

The information furnished in this Item 7.01 shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that Section, nor shall such information be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.


Item 9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d)    Exhibits

Exhibit Number Description


Signature


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


Energy Recovery, Inc.
Date: March 24, 2021 By: /s/ William Yeung
William Yeung
Chief Legal Officer


NASDAQ: ERII Driving Industrial Sustainability Delivering Value in Fluid‐Flow Processes Energy Recovery Investor Presentation – March 2021


 
Confidential & Proprietary FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENT This presentation contains forward‐looking statements within the “Safe Harbor” provisions of  the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward‐looking statements in this report  include, but are not limited to, statements about our expectations, objectives, anticipations, plans,  hopes, beliefs, intentions, or strategies regarding the future. Forward‐looking statements that  represent our current expectations about future events are based on assumptions and involve risks  and uncertainties. If the risks or uncertainties occur or the assumptions prove incorrect, then our  results may differ materially from those set forth or implied by the forward‐looking statements.  Our forward‐looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or events. Words such  as “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar  expressions are also intended to identify such forward‐looking statements.   These forward‐looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that  are difficult to predict; therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from  those expressed in any forward‐looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on  these forward‐looking statements, which reflect management’s opinions only as of the date of  this presentation. All forward‐looking statements included in this presentation are subject to  certain risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those  projected in the forward‐looking statements, as disclosed from time to time in our reports on  Forms 10‐K, 10‐Q, and 8‐K as well as in our Annual Reports to Stockholders and, if necessary,  updated in our quarterly reports on Form 10 Q or in other filings. We assume no obligation to  update any such forward‐looking statements. It is important to note that our actual results could  differ materially from the results set forth or implied by our forward‐looking statements. 2


 
Confidential & Proprietary Product Rev Growth Avg. Growth ‘15 ‐ ’20 21% 2020 27% 2021 (estimated) up to 10% 2022 (estimated) up to 25% 2020 Gross Margin 69% Cash & Securities $115M Debt ‐‐ ENERGY RECOVERY SNAPSHOT  3 Financial Snapshot2 1Energy Recovery estimate; 2Growth and Gross Margin from Product Revenue only Our solutions increase efficiency and lower  lifecycle cost by reducing waste and energy  consumption in industrial fluid‐flow systems. Our flagship PX® Pressure Exchanger® (PX)  energy recovery device (ERD) revolutionized  seawater reverse osmosis desalination (SWRO),  reducing energy costs by up to 60%.1 The PX is  now the industry standard for energy recovery. We continue to push the boundaries of our  core technology, the pressure exchanger, to  handle different operating environments of  industrial or commercial applications. We design and manufacture solutions that  accelerate the environmental sustainability  of our customers' operations. 


 
Confidential & Proprietary PXs installed worldwide metric tons emissions avoided  due to PXs = >2.5M vehicles  removed from the road annually1 Of waste metal from our  operations is recycled WE HAVE A GROWING ESG STORY saved for customers on  energy expenses annually1 product revenue from  energy‐efficiency related  products PXs use components made  from recycled materials 4 Global Installations  of Energy Recovery  Desalination Products $2.5B 90%+ 96% 15M 25k+ 100% 1Energy Recovery estimates. Assumes all deployed devices are in operation


 
Confidential & Proprietary ESG AT ENERGY RECOVERY o First Environmental, Social,  Governance (ESG) report  issued Sept 2020  Aligned with SASB and  GRI sustainability  reporting frameworks;  select United Nations  Sustainable  Development Goals  o Our products address climate  change, sustainable  industrialization, energy  efficiency, water scarcity o Reflects our ongoing  commitment to becoming  a more sustainable,  resilient business 5 To download the full  report, please visit bit.ly/ERI‐ESG THE USE BY ENERGY RECOVERY OF ANY MSCI ESG RESEARCH LLC OR ITS AFFILIATES (“MSCI”) DATA, AND THE USE OF MSCI LOGOS, TRADEMARKS, SERVICE MARKS OR INDEX NAMES HEREIN, DO NOT CONSTITUTE A  SPONSORSHIP, ENDORSEMENT, RECOMMENDATION, OR PROMOTION OF ENERGY RECOVERY BY MSCI. MSCI SERVICES AND DATA ARE THE PROPERTY OF MSCI OR ITS INFORMATION PROVIDERS, AND ARE PROVIDED ‘AS‐IS’ AND  WITHOUT WARRANTY. MSCI NAMES AND LOGOS ARE TRADEMARKS OR SERVICE MARKS OF MSCI.


 
Confidential & Proprietary INDUSTRIES SERVED Industry Markets Customer Type Key Benefits Provided o Seawater Desalination  o Brackish Water Desalination o International  EPC Firms o Desalination OEMs o Plant Owners  and/or Operators o Less Energy  Consumption o Lower Emissions o Reduced Costs o Industrial Wastewater  Treatment o International  EPC Firms o Industrial Plant Owners  and/or Operators o Less Energy  Consumption o Lower Emissions o Reduced Costs o Natural Gas Processing o EPC Firms o Plant Owners and/or  Operators o Less Energy  Consumption o Lower Emissions o Reduced Costs 6 Commercial products across multiple sectors


 
Confidential & Proprietary Energy Recovery Devices PX® Pressure Exchanger® COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE PRODUCT CATEGORIES Pumps 7 Desalination Natural Gas Processing ATMP IsoBoostAquaBold™ Energy Recovery Device Ultra PX™ Industrial Wastewater Treatment Energy Recovery Device Turbocharger Please visit EnergyRecovery.com for complete product information


 
Confidential & Proprietary PRESSURE EXCHANGER TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM Anatomy of a Pressure Exchanger Transfers energy from high‐pressure to low‐pressure fluids  (both liquids and gas) through continuously rotating ducts  with only one moving part (the rotor) o Our pressure exchanger technology works  as a platform to build product applications  o The technology is versatile – can handle  liquid, gas, range of pressures o Benefits include lower lifecycle cost and  energy use in industrial fluid‐flow systems  o Pressure exchanger technology is at the  heart of many of our products 8


 
Confidential & Proprietary HOW PRESSURE EXCHANGER TECHNOLOGY REDUCES ENERGY CONSUMPTION 9 Sealed Phase  Two fluids on opposite sides of  PX; rotor duct is sealed, isolating  high, low pressure fluid streams 1 2 1 4 2 3 Rotor duct rotates to  pressure exchange phase Rotor duct rotates  to sealed phase Pressure Exchange Phase 1. Low pressure driven fluid  enters the rotor duct 2. High pressure motive fluid  enters the rotor duct Pressure is exchanged continuously as the rotor spins at high speed 3. Low pressure driven fluid  contacts motive fluid,  expelling it at low pressure 4. High pressure motive fluid  contacts driven fluid,  expelling it at high pressure 1. Low pressure driven fluid that  will be pressurized and sent  into system 2. High pressure motive fluid  that will pressurize low  pressure fluid


 
Confidential & Proprietary 1Ocean or other geological mass PRESSURE EXCHANGER TECHNOLOGY IN ACTION: PX PRESSURE EXCHANGER FOR SWRO Approx. 60% of energy wasted during SWRO  prior to implementation of ERDs PX lowers energy consumption by up to 60% 10 Without Energy Recovery Devices (ERDs) With PX Pressure Exchanger The Ocean1 The Ocean1 Energy wasted  as high pressure  brine hits valve  Seawater Low pressure  potable water Pump pushes high pressure  seawater through  membranes PX transfers energy  from high pressure  brine to seawater Incoming seawater routed  to pump and PX Main pump size  reduced by up to  60% Low pressure  potable water o Flagship PX device recycles energy, reducing operational costs and emissions in SWRO facilities o PX plays similar role in other vertical markets ‐ although benefits differ across product  applications, energy efficiency is a common theme


 
Confidential & Proprietary Our ceramics PX Pressure Exchanger is designed for a 25‐year life, needs no maintenance and  has up to 98% efficiency – unrivalled quality that translates into high profitability 0M 10M 20M '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ERII Competitors OUR PX PLATFORM HAS COME TO DOMINATE LARGE SCALE SWRO DESALINATION 11 Technology Strength = High Margin Cumulative Won Mega Project1 Desal Capacity (m3/day) 1 Mega Projects produce 50,000 cubic meters or more of water per day; 22020 Reported Gross Margin ERII Gross Margin269% Russell 2000 Industrials25%


 
Confidential & Proprietary Our growth roughly tracks overall SWRO desal capital spend $10M $40M $70M $100M $130M $0B $2B $4B $6B $8B $10B '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 '21 '22 En er gy  R ec ov er y  Re ve nu e SW RO  In du st ry  C ap ex SWRO Industry ERI Product Revenue2 NEW WATER DEMAND AND TECHNOLOGY SHIFT DRIVING SECULAR SHIFT IN SWRO 12 Annual SWRO Capital Expenditures1 1DesalData Estimates; 22020‐2022 – ERI Estimates


 
Confidential & Proprietary THE WORLD NEEDS MORE WATER 13 Saudi Water Partnership Company has released its  Seven‐Year Statement for 2020‐26 Africa’s largest dam powers dreams of prosperity  in Ethiopia – and fears of hunger in Egypt Alaska Villages Run Dry and  Residents Worry About a ‘Future  of No Water’


 
Confidential & Proprietary EXISTING FRESH WATER SUPPLIES WILL LIKELY NOT MEET FUTURE DEMAND 14 The world will only  have 60% of the water  it needs by 2030 1/4 of all people live  in high water‐stress  territories Potable water demand  expected to increase  30% by 2050 Global population is  expected to grow from  7.7B to 9.7B in 2050 60% >2B People 30% 26% All statistics – United Nations


 
Confidential & Proprietary 23M cubic meters of thermal capacity equivalent to approximately $0.5 Billion in PX sales2  0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2019 ‐ '20 Thermal vs. SWRO1 (% of Annual Plant Installations) Thermal SWRO o Existing thermal capacity should eventually be replaced by SWRO o We are seeing this demand in our revenue and pipeline today o SWRO is more efficient, less energy intensive and far more economical  $1B SWRO retrofit of two Saudi thermal plants will generate OPEX savings of $360M/year1 TECHNOLOGY SHIFT FROM THERMAL TO SWRO: $0.5B TAM TO MAINTAIN EXISTING CAPACITY 15 Thermal vs. SWRO1 (% of Annual Plant Installations) SWRO Eclipsed Thermal Desalination as Technology of Choice in the 2000s 1DesalData; 2ERI Estimate Thermal ~23M m3/day installed capacity  operating today SWRO


 
Confidential & Proprietary BUILDING LONG‐TERM SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND VALUE  16 Revenue Growth Increase Bottom Line Sustainability New Technologies Leverage Existing Assets Environmental Sustainability Develop new PX products, widen  technical aperture Large investments in  organization not needed for  success Accelerate the sustainability of  customer operations  via reduced energy consumption Diversify Revenue  Invest in Achievable Projects Align Organization Diversify outside of  desalination, de‐risking  revenue and accelerating  growth Realistic commercial  timelines, manage complexity  and scope Align organizational aspirations  with sustainable product  aspirations Protect Position in SWRO Discipline Shareholder Transparency Invest in improved products and  operations to protect existing  strength in swiftly growing  desalination market Disciplined focus on financial  KPIs and marketability of  technologies Open communication with  shareholders on progress and  plans


 
Confidential & Proprietary LEVERAGING PX TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DIVERSIFIED GROWTH BEYOND DESALINATION 17 → Cap R&D Expense to limit size and scope of R&D projects: 15‐20% of revenue in 2021 → Discipline: Maintain rigorous commercial hurdles for ROI, Gross Margin, and Timelines Fluids o Manage pressure energy between fluid flows o Relatively clean seawater to caustic pressure pumping proppant;  CO2 gas Technology o PX Platform – focus on reducing energy consumption o 1,000 ‐ 10,000+ PSI (70 – 700 bar) o Build off what we know – we are not inventing new markets o Industrial / Commercial applications o Maintain first‐in‐class reliability KPIs Financial KPIs o 20%+ ROI o 50%+ Gross Margin 3 Year Timeline  1 year: prove technical validity  2 years: commercial product  3 years: cash flow positive run rate


 
Confidential & Proprietary o Countries are mandating zero liquid discharge (ZLD) to mitigate environmental  effects of industrial wastewater discharge o Ultra High‐Pressure RO (UHPRO) could supplant thermal as the prevalent  technology due to superior efficiency, much as it has in SWRO o Our PX can potentially recover up to 60% of wasted energy with 93%+ efficiency in  the UHPRO process o First commercial POs for Ultra PX received for projects in India and China ULTRA PX – ENERGY RECOVERY DEVICE FOR INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER LAUNCHED IN 2020 18 Applying UHPRO to ZLD treatment reduces thermal requirements at the end of the process


 
Confidential & Proprietary VorTeq seeks to protect pumps from abrasive proppant o Increase safety of operations o Reduce emissions, energy intensity of pump operations o Decrease pump failures o Lower maintenance, capital costs Status of Commercialization o Completed multiple frac stages at live wells in Q1 o Two critical hurdles remain  Validate customer value proposition  Optimize cartridge life before repairs or  replacement  Highest operational cost to ERI o Must make decision to commercialize by June 2021, or  cease investing o Spend has decreased roughly 50% since mid 2020 as  engineering efforts wind down  VORTEQ – 2 MAJOR HURDLES REMAIN TO COMMERCIALIZE  19


 
Confidential & Proprietary $44 $50 $58 $61 $73 $92 44% 14% 17% 5% 19% 27% 10% 25% 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Projections Actuals z DISCIPLINED FOCUS DRIVING TOP AND BOTTOM‐LINE GROWTH 20 Maintain Gross Margin and Manage OPEX to Drive EBITDA Drive Diversified PX Top Line Growth1 12020 – 2025 are estimated projections; 2Excluding Schlumberger License and Development Revenue 21% Average Annual Growth Projected Desal  Revenue Growth With successful R&D efforts,  diversified growth by  applying PX technology  across multiple industries 12% 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 EBITDA Margin2 19% 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 OPEX, % of Revenue1,2 ERII Russell 2000 Industrials


 
Thank You


 
Confidential & Proprietary CONTACT US 22 James Siccardi, VP, Investor Relations +1.832.474.7628 | Mobile jsiccardi@energyrecovery.com ESG@energyrecovery.com (for ESG inquiries) Energy Recovery, Inc. 1717 Doolittle Drive San Leandro, CA 94577, USA energyrecovery.com